Mulcair’s Jewish wife claims Syrian refugee saga reminds her of her family
The Syrian refugee crisis has struck a personal note with Catherine Pinhas Mulcair.
Mulcair, the daughter of Turkish Holocaust survivors whose ancestors were Sephardic Jews thrown out of Spain during the 15th century, described being moved by the ongoing flood of people in search of a better life in Europe.
“It does bring emotions,” the wife of NDP Leader Tom Mulcair said in a recent phone interview. “The emotions are of another dimension, because my family went through a lot and couldn’t even talk about it, so it was always there.”
Canadians in general should feel a similar connection to the plight of refugees fleeing the conflict in the Middle East and feel compelled to help, she added.
“Everybody has to be aware of what is happening and we cannot turn our backs on those people,” she said.
“It should be the same for everybody. I would be very sad to believe that you can stay cold when you see people leaving everything behind to save their lives and their children’s lives, you can’t be cold and turn your back.”
Though she’s not one to seek out the spotlight, Catherine Mulcair has been a central figure in her husband’s election campaign.
Like any politician, the leader is supported by an inner circle – his includes longtime NDP counsel Karl Belanger, his executive assistant and spokesman George Smith and chief of staff Alain Gaul. But Catherine remains his main confidante and adviser.
“If he’s exhausted, I will see it right away,” she said.
“We, just by a glance, know what the other one is thinking … sometimes if one has a little bit less energy, the other one will be there.”
Catherine said she did not hesitate to accompany her husband on the road, even though it meant putting her Montreal-based psychology practice on hold for 11 weeks.
“We’ve always stuck together,” she said. “It was obvious that … I was going to be with him.”
Catherine, an outgoing person by nature, said she gets energy from the people she meets. Her outgoing nature is often apparent at NDP events, where she strikes up one-on-one conversations with party faithful. In fact, she sometimes gets so engaged in the crowds that Mulcair must remind her when it’s time to leave.
“Cherie,” he will say in French, as a gentle cue to go.
Catherine admits the extended 78-day campaign has taken a lot of energy, but says she is encouraged by the support for her husband.
“He’s real,” she said. “He will never bend in front of anybody. He will be straight and will always do the best for people.”
Being on the campaign – which was originally about keeping her husband company – has been an eye-opening experience that has turned into something more profound, she added.
“At first, it was to be able to accompany Tom,” she said. “Then it became really something that touched me … I think it is an experience that makes me richer and gives me a chance to even appreciate more what Tom is doing.”
By Fulya Ozerkan
Unbeknownst to many, Turkish diplomats on duty around Europe saved hundreds of Jews during World War II by giving them Turkish passports, enabling them to travel to safety in Turkey.
This little known episode is told in an independent documentary entitled “Turkish Passport”, being promoted as finally revealing “a secret kept for 66 years”.
The film recounts memories known mainly to 19 diplomats and the Jews they saved from German Nazi death camps. It is based on testimonies by witnesses and their relatives.
“To remember and never to forget,” said Gunes Celikcan, 30, one of the producers, as he talked about why the film was made.
“There is not much about what the Turks did during that period of history,” Celikcan told AFP, as Turkey remained neutral during World War II.
He said the diplomats saved around 2,000 Jews from the Holocaust but the exact figure is unknown.
“We wanted to show this for the very first time and commemorate those diplomats,” none of whom survive today, he said.
The docudrama directed by Burak Arliel was first shown at the Cannes Film Festival in May. It has since been screened in Istanbul and other Turkish cities and made the rounds of festivals in the US and Europe.
And though the buzz is quiet, it’s building — and not all is favourable.
Its release comes at a low-point in relations between Israel and Turkey, after Israel’s refusal to apologise for a deadly commando raid on a humanitarian flotilla bound for the Israeli-blockaded Gaza Strip. The incident left nine Turkish nationals dead on May 31, 2010.
In protest, Turkey expelled the Israeli ambassador and froze military ties and defence trade deals.
The Palestinians have widespread support in Turkey, where a wildly popular Turkish film series, “Valley of the Wolves”, has fuelled strains, blasted by Israel as having anti-Semitic content.
Celikcan said the film has been six years in the making and “has nothing to do with the changing political spectrum”.
But not all agree, including the chief political analyst for The Jerusalem Post, Gil Hoffman, and former Israeli cultural attache in Turkey Batya Keinan.
In a recent article reprinted in several Turkish newspapers and websites, Hoffman said the movie was “rewriting history” with one of its “central messages — that the Turkish government was actively involved in saving Jewish lives in Europe.”
This “does not appear to be the case”, he wrote. “Historical records indicate that the diplomats acted on their own, despite orders to the contrary from Ankara.”
Hoffman also quoted Keinan. “The Turkish press office is using the movie for propaganda,” she said. “They are trying to say ‘we are good people who protected Jews in the Holocaust and Palestinians now, and yet you shoot at us.’ Shame on you.”
The comments have angered the movie’s backers.
“This film is not propaganda. … There is no state involvement,” said Asli Sena Genc, a representative for the Istanbul promoters. “This is a historical fact.”
Celikcan said the Turkish foreign ministry gave the filmmakers access to official archives, but ministry officials told AFP the film was a private initiative and the ministry made no official contribution.
The docudrama recounts how the diplomats, including ambassador to Vichy France Saffet Arikan, found a way out for Turkish and foreign Jews, sending them to Istanbul on 12 trains at different points during the war.
Behic Erkin, Turkey’s ambassador to Paris from 1940-43, and Kudret Erbey, consul-general in the German city of Hamburg from 1940-45, were also involved.
“Turkish diplomats did their best to save Jews amid the raging brutality against Jews during World War II,” said Naim Guleryuz, a historian and consultant on the film who heads a Turkish foundation that promotes the history and culture of Turkish Jews.
“This part of the story is actually known by historians but we wanted to make it public knowledge through this documentary,” he said.
Researchers went to the United States, Israel, France and Germany, tracking down survivors or their relatives, some of whose tales are told on the film’s official website.
In one, Arlette Bules recalls when her father was arrested by the Germans and sent to the internment camp of Drancy, outside Paris.
“My mother immediately went to the Turkish Embassy and asked for help rescuing my father. Thanks to the letters written by the ambassador, my father was rescued,” she said.
Celikcan recalls another testimony about a Jewish father who called his two daughters to his deathbed after the war. “He told them ‘never forget that it was the Turks who saved us’ and then died making a military salute.”
“We did this film without any expectation,” Genc told AFP. “We only wanted to reveal a secret which has been kept for so many years.”
Celikcan was philosophical. “If this film makes a positive impact to mend fences between the two countries, we should only be happy for that” — a view also held by Israeli diplomat Keinan, who has worked for recognition in Israel of these Turkish diplomats’ wartime role.
“Even though there are problems with the ‘Turkish Passport’, the aggressive promotion of the movie could end up helping the current efforts to improve ties between Israel and Turkey,” she said in The Jerusalem Post.
Tuesday, December 27, 2011.