Most live in Quebec
The Haitian community in Canada is concentrated largely in Quebec. In 2001, 90% of people who reported Haitian origins lived in Quebec, while Ontario was home to 8% and 1% lived in each of British Columbia and Alberta. That year, there were almost 75,000 people of Haitian origin living in Quebec, where they made up about 1% of the total provincial population. At the same time, people of Haitian descent represented only a very small fraction of the populations of all other provinces and territories.
Canadians of Haitian origin are less likely than other people to be married. In 2001, just 43% of the Haitian population aged 25 and over were married, compared with 59% of all Canadians in this age range. Canadians of Haitian origin are also less likely than other Canadians to live in common-law relationships. That year, 7% of Haitian origin aged 25 and over were living common-law, compared with 10% of their counterparts in the overall population.
Labour force participants4 of Haitian origin are more than twice as likely to be unemployed as their counterparts in the general population. In 2001, 16.4% of labour force participants of Haitian origin were unemployed, compared with 7.4% of all Canadian labour force participants.
Young people of Haitian origin, especially young men, experience particularly high unemployment rates. In 2001, 24% of all male labour force participants of Haitian origin between the ages of 15 and 24 were unemployed, compared with 14% of all Canadians males in this age group. At the same time, 20% of female labour force participants of Haitian origin between the ages of 15 to 24 were unemployed, compared with 13% of their counterparts in the overall population.